Arabic II

A.Y. 2020/2021
Overall hours
Learning objectives
This course continues and expands the linguistic work carried out in the first year. The strong focus on current discussion topics will be complemente with elements of linguistic thought.
Expected learning outcomes
Ability to comprehend, analyse and discuss, both orally and in writing, complex texts of different types. Ability to analyse and discuss critically the topics treated during the course.
Course syllabus and organization

Single session

Lesson period
All lectures and and practice classes will be sinchronous on MS Teams (code 2xl0nfa); only in specific cases, which will be communicated in advance, synchronous lectures will be replaced by pre-recorded videos. The timetable is unchanged and all the most important information will be provided through the Ariel website of the course.
There will be no change to the course syllabus and reading list. There may be changes in the structure of the exam if the medical emergency does not allow written exams in a physical classroom. These will be communicated in due time if necessary.
Course syllabus
Classica Arabic Grammar
Through the analysis of narrative and technical texts, the students will reflect on the structure of Arabic grammar from an internal perspective, and on the evolving relation between classical and modern standard Arabic.

Language for Special Purposes (taught jointly with Lingua Araba I)
Students will read, analyse and discuss written and oral original material on economic and/or political-instiitutional topics, concentrating on vocabulary enlargement, discursive strategies and stilistic pecularities.

Text types (taught jointly with Lingua Araba I)
Students will be introduced to complex written and oral material, which they will read, analyse and discuss, concentrating on discurse structure and use of connectors and working on their own production skills (summary, exposition, debate).
Prerequisites for admission
In order to register for the exam, students must have completed successfully the Lingua Araba I exam (both written and oral). A basic knowledge of English and/or French is recommended, as part of the secondary literature will be in those languages.
Teaching methods
The course consists of lectures and language practice classes, some of which will be devoted to the acquisition of an Arabic dialect. The Ariel website for the course contains a Course Blog, detailing the contents and activities for each class as well as additional references and practice material.
Students are asked to participate actively by preparing material independentyl in advance of classes.
Teaching Resources
Classical Arabic Grammar (all titles are available on the Ariel course webpage):
- the invention of grammar: Ibn al-Anbārī, Nuzhat al-alibbāʾ fī Ṭabaqāt al-udabāʾ, a cura di Ibrāhīm al-Sāmarrāʾī, al-Zarqāʾ 1985, p. 21
- the career of a grammarian: Muḥammad b. Isḥāq Ibn al-Nadīm (m. 380/990). Kitāb al-Fihrist. Ed. A.F. Sayyid. London: al-Furqan Islamic Heritage Foundation, 2009, I/1, 225-7.
- A student chooses his teacher: al-Zubaydī (m. 379/989). Ṭabaqāt al-naḥwiyyīn wa-l-lughawiyyīn. A cura di Muḥammad Abū-l-Faḍl Ibrāhīm. Cairo: Dār al-Ma'ārif, 1973, pp. 109-110.
- A traditional grammar manual: Ibn Ajurrūm (m. 723/1323), al-Muqaddima al-ajurrūmiyya fī mabādiʾ ʿilm al-ʿarabiyya (diverse ristampe)
Studies (useful for the comprehension of the Arabic texts):
- (in the library) Carter, Michael G. Arab linguistics: an introductory classical text with translation and notes. Amsterdam: Benjamins, 1981
- Osti, Letizia. "A Grammarian's Life in His Own Voice: Autobiographical Fragments in Arabic Biographical Literature." In ʿAbbasid Studies IV a cura di Monique Bernards, 142-80. Warminster: Gibb Memorial Trust, 2013.
- Osti, Letizia. "Scholarly Competition in Ninth Century Baghdad: The Case of Thaʿlab and Al-Mubarrad." Quaderni di Studi Arabi n.s. 1 (2006), pp. 87-112.
Languages for special purposes:
Course pack with original material selected by the lecturer, available on the Ariel course webpage.

Text types:
- Brustad, K., M. al-Batal, A. al-Tonsi, Al-Kitaab fii Ta'allum al-'Arabiyya (with DVD and Website Access Card). A Textbook for Intermediate Arabic: Part Two, Third Edition, Georgetown University Press, Washington D.C., 2014.

Additional recommended reading:
- Hassanein, A. Taher, al-Warraki, N. Naili, Adawāt al-rabṭ fī 'l-'arabiyya al-mu'āṣira, AUC Press, Il Cairo 2008.
- Ni'ma Fu'ād, Mulaḫḫaṣ qawā'id al-luġa al-'arabiyya. Marği' kāmil li-qawā'id al-naḥw wa 'l-ṣarf, al-Maktab al-'ilmī li 'l-ta'līf wa-li 'l-tarğama), Il Cairo.
- Ramadan, A. S., Conjunctions and Interjections in Modern Standard Arabic, Routledge, London 2019.
- Veccia Vaglieri, L., M. Avino, Grammatica teorico-pratica della lingua araba voll. I e II, Istituto per l'Oriente, Roma 2011.
- Salem A., Solimando C., Imparare l'arabo conversando, Carocci, Roma 2012.
- Lahlali M., Kesseiri R., Essential Skills in Arabic. From Intermediate to Advanced, Edinburgh University Press, Edinburgh 2018.

- Baldissera, E., Il dizionario di Arabo (italiano-arabo, arabo-italiano), Zanichelli, Bologna 2014.
- Traini, R., Vocabolario arabo-italiano, Istituto per l'Oriente, Roma 1966 (varie ristampe).
- Tresso, C.M., Il Dizionario Arabo (italiano-arabo), Hoepli, Milano 2014.
- Wehr, H., Dictionary of Modern Written Arabic, edited by J. M. Cowan (arabo-inglese), 2002 (varie ristampe).
Assessment methods and Criteria
The WRITTEN EXAM will test the following skills:
- Translating an unknown text in both directions
- Translating into Italian and produce a critical and linguistic analysis of a known text.
- Write an Arabic text on a known topic.
- Demonstrating the acquisition of morphosyntatic structure through reading, comprehension, translation and analysis of a text provided by the examiner.
- Conversation in Arabic on the topics treated in the language practice classes.

Students who cannot attend classes are advised to follow the Course Blog on the Ariel website.
L-OR/12 - ARABIC LANGUAGE AND LITERATURE - University credits: 9
Lessons: 60 hours
Professor: Osti Letizia
Educational website(s)