History, Politics and Rights in Latin America

A.Y. 2020/2021
6
Max ECTS
40
Overall hours
SSD
SPS/05
Language
Italian
Learning objectives
In the context of the interdisciplinary education of the Master's programme, the Latin America's History, Institutions, and Rights teaching aims at providing students with the instruments and means necessary to understand aspects and dynamics of the complex political and institutional reality of contemporary Latin America, that will be analysed in their respective historical contexts and in the framework of interregional relations.
Expected learning outcomes
Knowledge and understanding: at the end of the course the student will acquire the knowledge necessary to understand the political-institutional dynamics that brought to the era of progressist presidencies in Latin America (e.g. Chávez, Lula and Morales) and to their demise, with the transition towards conservative governments. On the matter of rights, the student will acquire the knowledge connected to the processes that brought to the surfacing of some new rights in the last decades, such as rights of victims of dictatorships and civil wars and indigenous rights.
Applying knowledge and understanding: the acquired knowledge will allow the student to analyse, comprehend, study and interpret the political and institutional processes and the socio-economic dynamics of the Latin American reality.
Course syllabus and organization

Single session

Lesson period
First trimester
Period of lessons: 1st trimester - Thursday and Friday 10:30-12:15. The lessons will start on Thursday 24th of September 2020 at 10:30. The lessons will take place online on the Microsoft Teams platform. The link to take part in the online lessons will be published in September.

The lessons will take place on the Microsoft Teams platform. Students will be able to participate both synchronously (according to the time schedule of the 1st trimester) and asynchronously, since the lessons will be recorded and made available on Microsoft Teams. The teaching method includes a constant involvement of attending students through in-depth analyses, debates and external guests.

The course's program will not be modified. The teaching materials will include documents published on Ariel, video-lessons and other multimedia materials published on Ariel or Teams.

The written exam will take place online both for attending and non attending students (the latter will have to take also an oral exam, after they pass the written one). The exam will take place on the Moodle and Microsoft Teams platform. If possible in the light of the sanitary conditions and regulations, the written exam could be administered also in presence, while the oral exam for non attending students will take place online.

More precisely, the exam will aim at verifying:
- compliance with the course's objectives with regard to knowledge and comprehensions ability;
- knowledge acquired by the student with regard to the historical, political, institutional, social and economic evolution of the Latin-American reality;
- students' ability to express the concepts/notions/instruments in a clear and precise way;
- students' ability to use the correct terminology;
-student's ability to interpret, frame and describe in a clear and orderly way the current phenomena and dynamics of the Latin-American area, while also making the proper connection to its past.

The course will maintain the distinction between attending and non attending students. Attending students, that will follow the lessons synchronously, will be actively involved in a series of intermediate tests, in order to verify their knowledge level during the course. The detailed information on said intermediate tests will be described by the professor.
Course syllabus
Course programme for ATTENDING STUDENTS:

The first lessons of the course concern the main phases of Latin America in XIX-XX century in order to provide the students the basic knowledge about the issue of the subject.
The second part of the course deals with the history of the last two decades from the rise of new political leaders and progressive parties (e.g., Chávez, Morales, Lula and Kirchner) - with a focus on political and economical choices, social reforms and human rights protection in national and trans-regional dynamics - to the current changes that have determined the crisis of radical governments. The last lessons analyse the actual dynamics in policy, economy and society (e.g., elections, migrations, peace process). The students shall study the last actual events in recent journal articles and in the documents uploaded on the site Ariel (section Contents, file Materials for attending students).

Course Programme for Non-Attending Students

The teaching materials will allow non attending students to analyze the political, economic and social developments and changes that characterized the last decades of Latin America's history. The advent on new political leaders with progressivist programs will be the starting point for an analysis of the different political, economic and social decisions. A particular focus will be on the protection of human rights, that will be framed in the different national contexts and in the wider picture of interregional relations, up to the analysis of the most recent political, institutional and economic changes that brought those governing experiences to an end.
Even if non attending, students will be provided with the possibility to understand the political, institutional, social and economic dynamics and processes currently taking place (such as, elections, migratory phenomena, peace processes). This last part will require the reading of journal articles and other materials published on the course's website on the Ariel platform, in the Contents section, folder material for non attending students.
Prerequisites for admission
A knowledge of Contemporary History and mostly of Latin America is required. The professor will retrace some its fundamental moments during the lessons, besides giving a bibliography for filling any eventual gap.
Suggested, not mandatory, propedeutics: Contemporary History and History and Institutions of Latin America (undergraduate).
Lessons will be in the first trimester.
Teaching methods
Beside online lessons there will be seminarial lessons and talks with experts, book presentation with autors (within the event BookcityUniversità 2020) about the topics covered.
Moreover bibliographical insights will be provided and reading newspapers, scientific magazines will be stimulated in order to to be accostumbred with the latinoamerican reality in general and in particular with the themes dealt during the course.
News will be an opportunity to reflect and deepen during the lessons.
Teaching Resources
References for the final examination:

For Attending Students
1. Nocera Raffaele - Angelo Trento, America latina, un secolo di storia. Dalla rivoluzione messicana ad oggi, Carocci, Roma, 2013. (COMPLETE READING)
2. Raffaele Nocera and Valerio Giannattasio (Eds.), Democrazie inquiete. Viaggio nelle trasformazioni dell'America latina, Fondazione Giangiacomo Feltrinelli, Milano, 2017, Quaderni/17, e-book in https://fondazionefeltrinelli.it/schede/democrazie-inquiete-viaggio-nel…. (COMPLETE READING)
3. Documents provided by the professor during the lessons or uploaded on the site Ariel (Contents: Material for attending students). These documents complete the knowledge about actual facts not contained in the books.
ADVICE OF READING:
Gardini Gian Luca, L'America latina nel XXI secolo. Nazioni, regionalismo e globalizzazione, Carocci, Roma, 2009.

References for the final examination for Non-Attending Students:
Written Test:
1. Nocera Raffaele - Angelo Trento, America latina, un secolo di storia. Dalla rivoluzione messicana ad oggi, Carocci, Roma, 2013. (COMPLETE READING)
2.Gardini Gian Luca, L'America latina nel XXI secolo. Nazioni, regionalismo e globalizzazione, Carocci, Roma, 2009 (Reading of the following chapters: Introduction, Chapter 1, Conclusions. It's strongly recommended the reading of the whole book)
3.Raffaele Nocera and Valerio Giannattasio (Eds.), Democrazie inquiete. Viaggio nelle trasformazioni dell'America latina, Fondazione Giangiacomo Feltrinelli, Milano, 2017, Quaderni/17, e-book in https://fondazionefeltrinelli.it/schede/democrazie-inquiete-viaggio-nel… COMPLETE READING
4. Documents uploaded on the site Ariel (Contents: Material for NON attending students). The reading of these documents is essential as they finalize the knowledge about actual events not contained in the books.

INTERVIEW: 20 ARTICLES (selected in journals, scientific reviews and web sites) dealing with the themes contained in the programme. The articles shall be printed and presented to the professor during the interview.


ed and presented to the professor during the interview.
Assessment methods and Criteria
The examination will be aimed at verifying that the attending and non-attending students have acquired the tools to understand, describe and interpret the political, institutional, economic and social dynamics of contemporary Latin America and that they have the ability to clearly express concepts / notions / institutions, accurately and with the correct terminology.

TO ATTENDING STUDENTS: there will be a written examination on a date dedicated to you. An eventual intermediate test may be scheduled, depending to the number of students attending.

TO NON-ATTENDING STUDENTS: the examination shall be written and oral.
Written examination: The test will be composed of 2 different parts: the first one consists in 40 closed questions with multiple-choice answers. Students will have to answer at least 36 of them correctly to score 18/30 (each correct answer equals 0.5 points). The second part of the examination entails a series of questions with open answer (4 questions). Students will choose 2 among the proposed topics. Each answer will be worth from 0 to 2,5 points.
Students must take both parts of the exam.

Oral examination: once passed the written test, after about 2 weeks the professor will informed students on the mark obtained, which they can accept or reject within a given deadline. If they accept the mark, students will proceed to the oral examination on the date indicated by the professor. Starting from the written part, they will be asked to consider, illustrate and comment a selection of 20 printed articles of their choice, related to the topics covered in the program.

The examination will be aimed at verifying that the non-attending students have acquired the tools to understand, describe and interpret the political, institutional, economic and social dynamics of contemporary Latin America and that they have the ability to clearly express concepts / notions / institutions, accurately and with the correct terminology.
SPS/05 - AMERICAN HISTORY AND INSTITUTIONS - University credits: 6
Lessons: 40 hours